The oldest tool used by humanity, thought to be about 350,000 years old, was found in the Tabun Cave in the north of Israel. Scientists explained that the round stone tool used for sharpening and engraving strengthened the relationship between modern humans and their early ancestors and allowed them to understand how farming, technology, social and economic processes have evolved in human societies.
350 THOUSAND YEARS
Archaeologists announced that they found the oldest known tool in history used for sharpening or engraving, dating back to about 350,000 years ago. The round stone found in Tabun Cave in northern Israel dates back at least 50,000 years before modern human homo sapien.
Before the discovery, such vehicles were not thought of until about 200 thousand years ago. The researchers said the tool may have been used by the early ancestors of humans for ‘fine etching’, but the exact purpose is still unknown.
Located on Mount Carmel near Haifa, Israel, Tabun Cave was first discovered by British archaeologist Dorothy Garrod in the 1920s. The excavations carried out show the activities of hominids (the first and primitive ancestors of humans) dating back at least 500 thousand years. Flint fragments discovered in the cave also contain the earliest evidence of people controlling fire.
THINKED TO BE USED FOR SCRAPING SURFACES
However, the tool made from mineral dolomite first appeared in the 1960s, but its simple appearance has been largely ignored for decades. More recently, it has been re-examined by a team from Haifa University’s Zinman Archaeological Institute as part of an effort to re-evaluate the items found in the cave.
As a result of their analysis, the researchers determined that the tool was used to scrape surfaces. “The earliest findings on this technology previously pointed to 200,000 years ago,” said Ron Shimelmitz, co-author of the study.
It is assumed that the tool in question was used to craft soft animal skins and paving stones, but whether it was for clothing or any other purpose is still a mystery. Shimelmitz said, “We were left with some question marks. Older stone tools were found in the area, some dating to 3 million years ago, but they showed signs of hitting or knocking, often vertical movements. The newly discovered tool is a horizontal movement used for paving stone engraving. “The first known tool to require and allow a material to be used more precisely.”
BRING A NEW BREATH TO THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN CULTURE
According to the researchers who published their findings in the Journal of Human Evolution, the fact that Hominids used such a tool 350 thousand years ago may enable the re-evaluation of the technological process that has passed to the point where humanity has reached today.
The authors observe that the discovery connects modern humans more closely with their early ancestors and how scientists have evolved into important phenomena in human culture to date (agriculture, food production, fixed housing, storage, and an increase in social and economic complexity) as a result of the cognitive and motor skills developed during human evolution. explained that it allows.